Here I am going to provide you Computer Fundamentals Syllabus pdf for (BCA, Bsc. Computer Science, and CSE Students) so that you can increase your basic knowledge of Computer Fundamentals Syllabus and prepare for your exam easily.
Computer Fundamentals Syllabus Detail
UNIT – I Introduction to Computers
Computer system: characteristics and capabilities. Computer Hardware and Software: Block Diagram of a Computer, Different Data Processing: Data, Data Processing System, Storing Data, Processing Data. Types of Computers: Analogue, Digital, Hybrid, General and Special Purpose Computers. Generation of Computers. Computer Systems: Micros, Minis & Main-frames. Limitations of Micro Computer.
Number systems: Decimal Number system, Binary number system, Octal & Hexadecimal number system, 1’s&2’s complement Codes: ASCH, EBCDI Codes, Gray code & BCD.
Logic Gates: AND, OR, NOT GATES and their Truth tables, NOR, NAND & XOR gates
UNIT – If Computer Peripherals
Introduction to Input Devices: Categorizing Input Hardware, Keyboard, Direct Entry — Card Readers, Scanning Devices — O.M.R., Character Readers, Thumb Scanner, MICR, Smart Cards, Voice Input Devices, Pointing Devices — Mouse, Light Pen, Touch Screen.
Computer Output: Output Fundamentals, Hardcopy Output Devices, Impact Printers, Non-Impact Printers, Plotters, Computer output Microfilm/Microfiche (COM) systems, Softcopy Output Devices, Cathode Ray Tube, Flat Screen Technologies, Projectors, Speakers.
UNIT – III Basic Components & Storage
Central Processing Unit: The Microprocessor, control unit, A.L.U., Registers, Buses, Main Memory, Main Memory (RAM) for microcomputers, Read Only Memory(ROM).
Storage Devices: Storage Fundamentals, Primary and Secondary Storage, Data Storage and Retrieval Methods — Sequential, Direct & Indexed Sequential, Tape Storage and Retrieval Methods Tape storage Devices, characteristics and limitations, Direct access Storage and Microcomputers – Hard Disks, Disk Cartridges, Direct Access Storage Devices for large Computer systems, Mass storage systems and Optical Disks, CD ROM.
UNIT – IV Computer Software & Languages
System Software: System software Vs. Application Software, Types of System Software, Introduction and Types of Operating Systems. Boot Loader, Diagnostic Programs, BIOS, Utility Programs.
Application Software: Microcomputer Software, Interacting with the System, Trends in PC software, Types of Application Software, Difference between Program and Packages. Computer Languages: Definition, Generations of computer languages, Types of Languages, Language Processors: Assembler, Interpreter, Compiler, Linker and Loader. Programming constructs, Algorithm & flowchart.
UNIT – V Introduction to MS DOS & Windows
Introduction to DOS: History and versions of DOS. Fundamentals of DOS: Physical Structure of the Disk, Compatibility of drives, Disks & DOS versions, Preparing Disks for use, Device Names. Getting Started with DOS: Booting Process (DOS, Windows, Unix), System Files and Command.com, Internal DOS Files & Directories, Elementary External DOS Commands, Creating a Batch Files, Additional Commands.
Microsoft Windows: Operating system-Definition & functions, basics of Windows. Basic components of windows, icons, types of icons, taskbar, activating windows, using desktop, title bar, running applications, exploring computer, managing files and folders, copying and moving files and folders. Control panel—display properties, adding and removing software and hardware, setting date and time, screen saver and appearance. Using windows accessories.
- Computer Fundamentals, P. K. Sinha, BPB Publications, Sixth Edition.
- Introduction to Information Technology, V. Rajaraman, PHI, Second Edition.
- Fundamental of Information Technology, ChetanShrivastava, Kalyani Publishers.
- Computers Today, Suresh K Basandra, Galgotia Publications.
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